Top Notes

• Perceived immediately

• Strong, but evaporate quickly

• Give the initial impression of a perfume

When we apply the fragrance, we are introduced to it by way of the top notes, mostly citrus oils, such as Lemon, Lime, Bergamot, Yuzu, Tangerine, Orange, Petitgrain and Lemon Verbena. There are certain flowers that have the same fleeting quality, like Lily of the Valley, Jasmine, Neroli. These are the opening notes that introduce us to the fragrance, sometimes harsh and powerful, other times softly. These oils have a low boiling point, and the heat of our bodies causes them to evaporate quickly, along with the alcohol, within the first twenty minutes to an hour.

Middle or Heart notes

• Emerge just prior to when the top notes dissipate

• Usually more mellow and “rounded”

• Perceive the 2.-60. minutes after the application

As the last of the top notes disappear, we are introduced to the middle notes, or the heart of the fragrance. By now, the middle notes have mixed with the acid and oils on your skin and marries to them, creating that signature fragrance that is yours alone. This heart lasts on the skin for up to two to three hours, evoking the emotion that was the raison d’etre for its composition.

Base notes

• Usually not perceived until 30 minutes after the application

• Boost the strength of the lighter top and middle notes

Finally, with the middle notes fading, you are left with the bottom, or base notes. These are the heaviest of the materials and are generally used to anchor the middle and top notes, making them last longer. These base notes pull the other two together and make them work together as a seamless whole. They are the ones that linger for several hours and are like the main beat in that olfactory symphony.